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Recent Articles

Determinants of Informal Recycling Behavior among Urban Dwellers in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

Recycling is an important tool to cope with and sustainably manage rapidly increasing waste generation, and promoting local practices such as informal recycling is vital in developing countries. is study identies determinants of informal recycling that residents of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal practice by selling the recyclable waste to scrap dealers. e data comes from a households survey conducted with around 1200 households in the Valley in 2012. Informal recycling is important because it complements inecient and expensive waste collection services, diverts waste from the landll site, and helps the city to develop sustainably. We found that people who compost are 11.8 to 12.8 percent more likely to recycle in comp

Ecological Risk Assessment of Desalination Plants Discharges on the Marine Environment Red Sea, Egypt

Desalination has become one of the main alternatives to compensate for water shortages. Although seawater desalination is expensive and has many environmental risks, it is still an important option to compensate for water shortages in Egypt. The discharge of liquid waste (especially heavy metals) from the station into the sea has a negative impact on the water, so the spatial distribution of heavy metals (lead, cadmium, and copper) shows high concentrations near the outlets of both AlQusayr and the port of Al-Qusayr. Hamata desalination plants in the southern Red Sea. As for higher quantities of heavy metals - higher than the standard values - such as (Cu, Pb, Cd), they are classified as seawater pollutants, whether they show evidence of toxicity or not. The study demonstrated that seaweed has bio-absorption properties and can effectively absorb heavy metals from the surrounding water, and thus it can serve as a bio-indicator in tools for monitoring the degree of pollution, as well as evaluating water desalination activities

Comprehensive Study of Various Chemical Samples in Forensic Toxicology: Focus on Urine Sample

Toxicology deals with the measurement and analysis of toxins. It is itself a vast branch of science, though it has several branches and one of these is forensic toxicology. Forensic toxicology is a branch of toxicology that lines up with other disciplines, namely clinical chemistry, postmortem forensic toxicology, human performance toxicology and forensic drug testing, providing medical jurisprudence of adverse effects such as drug abuse, poisoning and death. The key role of forensic toxicology is to identify and analyse the toxin compounds found during adverse events. This review paper aims to draw an idea about the toxin, in the collected biological chemical samples such as urine samples and their effects on their day-to-day life

Entomological Observations on a Decomposing Pig (Sus scrofa) in Nebraska: Late Spring to Early Summer

The determination of the postmortem interval (PMI) towards assisting in medicolegal investigations is a frequent requirement in any developed jurisdiction. Each of the latter has prevailing peculiarities, especially with many operating variables that include seasonal changes. There is a dearth of information about the decompositional pattern and progress of cadavers deposited on the ground in Nebraska, a jurisdiction lying within the Central Great Plains of North America. The present study, using an experimental pig was designed to consider the entomological peculiarities within a geographical area exhibiting taphonomic characteristics, and during a defined season.